What Is Insurance Expense?


Each of these columns or sections is further broken down into categories. Insurance Expense is part of operating expenses in the income statement. Expired insurance premiums are reported as Insurance Expense. Accounting has many classifications for different accounts. Learn the definitions for two types of accounts, temporary and permanent, and the differences between them. Inventory systems used by organizations can be perpetual or periodic.Assets and expenses are increased by debits and decreased by credits. Again, anything that you pay for before using is considered a prepaid expense. Your balance sheet is a summary of how much your business owns and how much it owes on a particular date. It is divided into a column or section that reflects assets and another column or section that reflects liabilities.Balances of nominal accounts are fully closed at the end of an accounting period. Its balance at the beginning of the next accounting period will always be zero. Nominal accounts include revenues, expenses, capital drawings, and dividends.

what is insurance expense?

The amount paid to acquire a specific coverage is known as “premium”. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you’re studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. An advance payment is made ahead of its normal schedule such as paying for a good or service before you actually receive it. He is an adjunct instructor of writing at New York University. Chip Stapleton is a Series 7 and Series 66 license holder, CFA Level 1 exam holder, and currently holds a Life, Accident, and Health License in Indiana. He has 8 years experience in finance, from financial planning and wealth management to corporate finance and FP&A.

Balance Sheet Classification Of Deferred Expenses

Other operating risks against which an organization can insure its activities include casualty, property, legal liability, credit and life. The accounting treatment of car insurance and product liability insurance will show up on your income statement rather than your balance sheet. Insurance expense will be one of the categories that your income statement lists as an expenditure. Financial statements are prepared to know and evaluate the financial position of a business at a certain time. Learn about the adjusted trial balance, income statement, statement of retained earnings, and balance sheet, and explore the elements and steps in creating these financial statements. Insurance expense and insurance payable are distinct terms; one is an expense and the other is a liability. However, both terms interrelate because there wouldn’t be an insurance payable amount without an insurance expense.At the end of any accounting period, the amount of the insurance premiums that remain prepaid should be reported in the current asset account, Prepaid Insurance. The prepaid amount will be reported on the balance sheet after inventory and could part of an item described as prepaid expenses. Current assets represent items a company expects to use in the next 12 months. They are often the most liquid assets a company owns, meaning the business can convert the assets to cash quickly. Common current assets include cash, accounts receivable, inventory and prepaid expenses. Insurance policies are often one of the most common prepaid expenses. Companies will purchase an insurance policy as part of their risk-management plans, expecting a future need for cash in case of an unfortunate event.The post-closing trial balance is the final report of the accounting cycle. Learn the definition, purpose, preparation, and importance of the post-closing trial balance and permanent and temporary accounts. Closing entries are an important component of the accounting cycle in which balances from temporary accounts are transferred to permanent accounts. Learn about the process, purpose, major steps, and overall objectives of closing entries.A purchases journal is a specialized type of accounting log that keeps track of orders made by a business ~’on credit~’ or ~’on account.~’ Learn more on the definition and see examples. Accumulated depreciation reflects the decrease in value of a company’s assets over time and from continued use, such as manufacturing equipment. Learn more about the definition of accumulated depreciation on an annualized basis and practice using the formula used to calculate it through examples.


This translates to five months of insurance that has not yet expired times $400 per month or five-sixths of the $2,400 insurance premium cost. To create your first journal entry for prepaid expenses, debit your Prepaid Expense account.Osmand Vitez Man climbing a rope Insurance expense represents a payment for an insurance premium relating to a business policy. Many types of insurance policies are common in business. General liability, executive life insurance, building, equipment and other types are available to companies. Insurance expense has a normal debit balance, as it is an expense account. Companies will typically debit the expense and credit cash every time they pay their insurance premium. Companies can also have prepaid insurance, which occurs when they pay an insurance policy in full. Prepaid insurance is usually charged to expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the related insurance contract.

Free Adjusting Entries Cheat Sheet

Since the policy lasts one year, divide the total cost of $1,800 by 12. The accounting cycle is defined as a series of nine steps to collect, process, and report financial transactions. Learn the role of each of these steps and discover examples of this process.

What are insurance proceeds?

Insurance proceeds are benefit proceeds paid out by any insurance policy as a result of a claim. Insurance proceeds are paid out once a claim has been verified, and they financially indemnify the insured for a loss that is covered under the policy.Prepaid expenses in balance sheet are listed as assets, too. Do you ever pay for business goods and services before you use them? If so, these types of purchases require special attention in your books. Insurance expense is the cost a company pays to get an insurance contract, as well as any unpaid monthly premium costs on the insurance contracts. To recognize prepaid expenses that become actual expenses, use adjusting entries.A tax deductible expense is any expense that is considered “ordinary, necessary, and reasonable” and that helps a business to generate income. It is usually deducted from the company’s income before taxation. On the other hand, liabilities, equity, and revenue are increased by credits and decreased by debits. Marquis Codjia is a New York-based freelance writer, investor and banker. He has authored articles since 2000, covering topics such as politics, technology and business. A deferred tax liability or asset is created when there are temporary differences between book tax and actual income tax.

Example Of Prepaid Insurance

Insurance payable is a debt related to insurance expense. It is a component of a corporate balance sheet, also known as a statement of financial condition or statement of financial position. Insurance payable shows the amount of unpaid premiums that a policyholder must settle at a point in time, such as the end of a month, quarter or fiscal year. Insurance expense is a charge a business incurs to protect its operations against adverse commercial or life events. The company signs a contract with an insurance company and agrees to pay periodic premiums in return for risk protection. As a policyholder, the organization can select coverage for a vast array of events. These include protections in adverse situations related to auto, home and health.Prepaid insurance is usually considered a current asset, as it becomes converted to cash or used within a fairly short time. But if a prepaid expense is not consumed within the year after payment, it becomes along-term asset, which is not a very common occurrence. The payment of the insurance expense is similar to money in the bank—as that money is used up, it is withdrawn from the account in each month or accounting period. As the prepaid amount expires, the balance in Prepaid Insurance is reduced by a credit to Prepaid Insurance and a debit to Insurance Expense.This is done with an adjusting entry at the end of each accounting period (e.g. monthly). One objective of the adjusting entry is to match the proper amount of insurance expense to the period indicated on the income statement. To illustrate how prepaid insurance works, let’s assume that a company pays an insurance premium of $2,400 on November 20 for the six-month period of December 1 through May 31. The payment is entered on November 20 with a debit of $2,400 to prepaid insurance and a credit of $2,400 to cash. As of November 30, none of the $2,400 has expired and the entire $2,400 will be reported as prepaid insurance.As you use the prepaid item, decrease your Prepaid Expense account and increase your actual Expense account. To do this, debit your Expense account and credit your Prepaid Expense account. You accrue a prepaid expense when you pay for something that you will receive in the near future. Any time you pay for something before using it, you must recognize it through prepaid expenses accounting. The accounting cycle refers to the specific steps used to complete the accounting process and maintain an organization’s financial records. Learn the definition of the accounting cycle, and explore the process, including its 10 basic steps, and how when they are done a new accounting period begins.

what is insurance expense?

Record a prepaid expense in your business financial records and adjust entries as you use the item. On December 31, the company writes an adjusting entry to record the insurance expense that was used up and to reduce the amount that remains prepaid. This is accomplished with a debit of $1,000 to Insurance Expense and a credit of $1,000 to Prepaid Insurance.This is because the debt only emerges if a policyholder does not pay the premiums on time and in accordance with contractual agreements. Companies that promptly settle their insurance bills do not show insurance payable amounts on their statements of financial position. If your insurance prepayment is the only prepayment your business has made, you might include it on your balance sheet on its own line tagged as “insurance prepayment.” Prepaid insurance is commonly recorded, because insurance providers prefer to bill insurance in advance. If a business were to pay late, it would be at risk of having its insurance coverage terminated. A company’s property insurance, liability insurance, business interruption insurance, etc. often covers a one-year period with the cost paid in advance. The one-year period for the insurance rarely coincides with the company’s accounting year.

  • Companies who need accurate monthly financial statements should prepare monthly adjusting entries to make sure that the accounts are up-to-date.
  • Common current assets include cash, accounts receivable, inventory and prepaid expenses.
  • The financial statements are key to both financial modeling and accounting.
  • Accounting has many classifications for different accounts.
  • These are proportionate to the unexpired portion of the insurance; unearned premiums appear as a liability on the insurer’s balance sheet.
  • The insurance expense is, again, the monthly premium value expensed against the policy.

Prepaid insurance is a current asset, reported on a company’s balance sheet. When a company purchases an insurance policy in full — such as 12 months —, it will debit the prepaid insurance account and credit the company’s cash account.

Insurance Expense

This reflects that a portion of the insurance policy has remaining useful life. Accurate reporting requires companies to list the policy as an asset and expense each portion paid throughout the policy’s lifetime. The insurance expense is, again, the monthly premium value expensed against the policy. Here’s how an insurance company accounts for prepaid insurance. As mentioned above, the premiums or payment is recorded in one accounting period, but the contract isn’t in effect until a future period. A prepaid expense is carried on an insurance company’s balance sheet as a current assetuntil it is consumed.

What Is An Insurance Expense?

In 2013 she transformed her most recent venture, a farmers market concession and catering company, into a worker-owned cooperative. She does one-on-one mentoring and consulting focused on entrepreneurship and practical business skills. Accountingverse is your prime source of expertly curated information for all things accounting. Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. He is the sole author of all the materials on AccountingCoach.com.